# mxnet.ndarray.NDArray.reshape¶

NDArray.reshape(*shape, **kwargs)[source]

Returns a view of this array with a new shape without altering any data.

Parameters
• shape (tuple of int, or n ints) –

The new shape should not change the array size, namely np.prod(new_shape) should be equal to np.prod(self.shape). Some dimensions of the shape can take special values from the set {0, -1, -2, -3, -4}. The significance of each is explained below:

• 0 copy this dimension from the input to the output shape.

Example:

- input shape = (2,3,4), shape = (4,0,2), output shape = (4,3,2)
- input shape = (2,3,4), shape = (2,0,0), output shape = (2,3,4)

• -1 infers the dimension of the output shape by using the remainder of the input dimensions keeping the size of the new array same as that of the input array. At most one dimension of shape can be -1.

Example:

- input shape = (2,3,4), shape = (6,1,-1), output shape = (6,1,4)
- input shape = (2,3,4), shape = (3,-1,8), output shape = (3,1,8)
- input shape = (2,3,4), shape=(-1,), output shape = (24,)

• -2 copy all/remainder of the input dimensions to the output shape.

Example:

- input shape = (2,3,4), shape = (-2,), output shape = (2,3,4)
- input shape = (2,3,4), shape = (2,-2), output shape = (2,3,4)
- input shape = (2,3,4), shape = (-2,1,1), output shape = (2,3,4,1,1)

• -3 use the product of two consecutive dimensions of the input shape as the output dimension.

Example:

- input shape = (2,3,4), shape = (-3,4), output shape = (6,4)
- input shape = (2,3,4,5), shape = (-3,-3), output shape = (6,20)
- input shape = (2,3,4), shape = (0,-3), output shape = (2,12)
- input shape = (2,3,4), shape = (-3,-2), output shape = (6,4)

• -4 split one dimension of the input into two dimensions passed subsequent to -4 in shape (can contain -1).

Example:

- input shape = (2,3,4), shape = (-4,1,2,-2), output shape =(1,2,3,4)
- input shape = (2,3,4), shape = (2,-4,-1,3,-2), output shape = (2,1,3,4)

• If the argument reverse is set to 1, then the special values are inferred from right to left.

Example:

- without reverse=1, for input shape = (10,5,4), shape = (-1,0), output shape would be                 (40,5).
- with reverse=1, output shape will be (50,4).


• reverse (bool, default False) – If true then the special values are inferred from right to left. Only supported as keyword argument.

Returns

An array with desired shape that shares data with this array.

Return type

NDArray

Examples

>>> x = mx.nd.arange(0,6).reshape(2,3)
>>> x.asnumpy()
array([[ 0.,  1.,  2.],
[ 3.,  4.,  5.]], dtype=float32)
>>> y = x.reshape(3,2)
>>> y.asnumpy()
array([[ 0.,  1.],
[ 2.,  3.],
[ 4.,  5.]], dtype=float32)
>>> y = x.reshape(3,-1)
>>> y.asnumpy()
array([[ 0.,  1.],
[ 2.,  3.],
[ 4.,  5.]], dtype=float32)
>>> y = x.reshape(3,2)
>>> y.asnumpy()
array([[ 0.,  1.],
[ 2.,  3.],
[ 4.,  5.]], dtype=float32)
>>> y = x.reshape(-3)
>>> y.asnumpy()
array([ 0.  1.  2.  3.  4.  5.], dtype=float32)
>>> y[:] = -1
>>> x.asnumpy()
array([[-1., -1., -1.],
[-1., -1., -1.]], dtype=float32)