Table Of Contents
Table Of Contents

mxnet.gluon.rnn.GRU¶

class mxnet.gluon.rnn.GRU(hidden_size, num_layers=1, layout='TNC', dropout=0, bidirectional=False, input_size=0, i2h_weight_initializer=None, h2h_weight_initializer=None, i2h_bias_initializer='zeros', h2h_bias_initializer='zeros', **kwargs)[source]

Applies a multi-layer gated recurrent unit (GRU) RNN to an input sequence. Note: this is an implementation of the cuDNN version of GRUs (slight modification compared to Cho et al. 2014; the reset gate $$r_t$$ is applied after matrix multiplication).

For each element in the input sequence, each layer computes the following function:

$\begin{split}\begin{array}{ll} r_t = sigmoid(W_{ir} x_t + b_{ir} + W_{hr} h_{(t-1)} + b_{hr}) \\ i_t = sigmoid(W_{ii} x_t + b_{ii} + W_{hi} h_{(t-1)} + b_{hi}) \\ n_t = \tanh(W_{in} x_t + b_{in} + r_t * (W_{hn} h_{(t-1)} + b_{hn})) \\ h_t = (1 - i_t) * n_t + i_t * h_{(t-1)} \\ \end{array}\end{split}$

where $$h_t$$ is the hidden state at time t, $$x_t$$ is the hidden state of the previous layer at time t or $$input_t$$ for the first layer, and $$r_t$$, $$i_t$$, $$n_t$$ are the reset, input, and new gates, respectively.

Parameters
• hidden_size (int) – The number of features in the hidden state h

• num_layers (int, default 1) – Number of recurrent layers.

• layout (str, default 'TNC') – The format of input and output tensors. T, N and C stand for sequence length, batch size, and feature dimensions respectively.

• dropout (float, default 0) – If non-zero, introduces a dropout layer on the outputs of each RNN layer except the last layer

• bidirectional (bool, default False) – If True, becomes a bidirectional RNN.

• i2h_weight_initializer (str or Initializer) – Initializer for the input weights matrix, used for the linear transformation of the inputs.

• h2h_weight_initializer (str or Initializer) – Initializer for the recurrent weights matrix, used for the linear transformation of the recurrent state.

• i2h_bias_initializer (str or Initializer) – Initializer for the bias vector.

• h2h_bias_initializer (str or Initializer) – Initializer for the bias vector.

• input_size (int, default 0) – The number of expected features in the input x. If not specified, it will be inferred from input.

• prefix (str or None) – Prefix of this Block.

• params (ParameterDict or None) – Shared Parameters for this Block.

Inputs:
• data: input tensor with shape (sequence_length, batch_size, input_size) when layout is “TNC”. For other layouts, dimensions are permuted accordingly using transpose() operator which adds performance overhead. Consider creating batches in TNC layout during data batching step.

• states: initial recurrent state tensor with shape (num_layers, batch_size, num_hidden). If bidirectional is True, shape will instead be (2*num_layers, batch_size, num_hidden). If states is None, zeros will be used as default begin states.

Outputs:
• out: output tensor with shape (sequence_length, batch_size, num_hidden) when layout is “TNC”. If bidirectional is True, output shape will instead be (sequence_length, batch_size, 2*num_hidden)

• out_states: output recurrent state tensor with the same shape as states. If states is None out_states will not be returned.

Examples

>>> layer = mx.gluon.rnn.GRU(100, 3)
>>> layer.initialize()
>>> input = mx.nd.random.uniform(shape=(5, 3, 10))
>>> # by default zeros are used as begin state
>>> output = layer(input)
>>> # manually specify begin state.
>>> h0 = mx.nd.random.uniform(shape=(3, 3, 100))
>>> output, hn = layer(input, h0)

__init__(hidden_size, num_layers=1, layout='TNC', dropout=0, bidirectional=False, input_size=0, i2h_weight_initializer=None, h2h_weight_initializer=None, i2h_bias_initializer='zeros', h2h_bias_initializer='zeros', **kwargs)[source]

Initialize self. See help(type(self)) for accurate signature.

Methods

 __init__(hidden_size[, num_layers, layout, …]) Initialize self. apply(fn) Applies fn recursively to every child block as well as self. begin_state([batch_size, func]) Initial state for this cell. cast(dtype) Cast this Block to use another data type. collect_params([select]) Returns a ParameterDict containing this Block and all of its children’s Parameters(default), also can returns the select ParameterDict which match some given regular expressions. export(path[, epoch]) Export HybridBlock to json format that can be loaded by SymbolBlock.imports, mxnet.mod.Module or the C++ interface. forward(x, *args) Defines the forward computation. hybrid_forward(F, inputs[, states]) Overrides to construct symbolic graph for this Block. hybridize([active]) Activates or deactivates HybridBlock s recursively. infer_shape(*args) Infers shape of Parameters from inputs. infer_type(*args) Infers data type of Parameters from inputs. initialize([init, ctx, verbose, force_reinit]) Initializes Parameter s of this Block and its children. load_parameters(filename[, ctx, …]) Load parameters from file previously saved by save_parameters. load_params(filename[, ctx, allow_missing, …]) [Deprecated] Please use load_parameters. name_scope() Returns a name space object managing a child Block and parameter names. register_child(block[, name]) Registers block as a child of self. register_forward_hook(hook) Registers a forward hook on the block. register_forward_pre_hook(hook) Registers a forward pre-hook on the block. save_parameters(filename) Save parameters to file. save_params(filename) [Deprecated] Please use save_parameters. state_info([batch_size]) summary(*inputs) Print the summary of the model’s output and parameters.

Attributes

 name Name of this Block, without ‘_’ in the end. params Returns this Block’s parameter dictionary (does not include its children’s parameters). prefix Prefix of this Block.